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Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

Class: Aves Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae

Size

Weight (Males): 18-25 lbs
Weight (Females): 5-12 lbs

Lifespan

3-5 years

Diet

Turkeys are omnivores who feed on berries, seeds, grass, insects, and lizards.

Habitat & Range

Grasslands and wetlands of Sub-Saharan Africa

Interesting Facts

  • The wild turkey is found all over the United States. These large, ground dwelling birds are well known for their fan shaped tails.
  • While they are now very common across the United States, wild turkeys were nearly wiped out by hunting by the early 1900s. However, through conservation efforts, their populations were restored.
  • They spend much of their time on the ground, but wild turkeys can fly in short bursts and roost in trees. Domestic turkeys, however, cannot fly because of their heavier body weight.
  • Turkeys have 28 distinct calls including their iconic gobble.
  • Male turkeys are called “Toms” or “gobblers” and females are called a “hen”.

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Threats

Wild turkeys are abundant and found in much of the United States.