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Peacock

Pavo cristatus

Class: Aves Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae

Size

Height: 3-5 ft   Weight: 6-10 lbs

Lifespan

15 years

Diet

Peacocks are omnivores. They prey on insects, worms, frogs, and small reptiles, and the feed on vegetation such as buds, flower petals, grains, and grass.

Habitat & Range

Grasslands and forests in India

Interesting Facts

  • The peacock is a large member of the pheasant family. They are native to South Asia, and they are the national bird of India.
  • There is considerable sexual dimorphism (physical differences) between genders. Females are very drab in color and appearance while males are larger, brightly colored, and have a “train” feathers. Peacocks in captivity are sometimes selectively
    bred for different color variations.
  • Male peacocks are well known for their train. This is the long (78-90 in) extravagantly colored feathers with eye markings. It makes up about 60% of the bird’s body weight. Peacocks use their colorful train in mating rituals and courtship displays. A male peacock sheds and regrows its train annually.

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Threats

Peacocks have a large and stable population. Due to their reverence in many cultures, they have little chance of becoming endangered. However, their wild populations are still threatened by loss of habitat.